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"Every headmaster and headmistress of Hogwarts has brought something new to the weighty task of governing this historic school, and that is as it should be, for without progress there will be stagnation and decay."
—Dolores Umbridge

A Headmaster or Headmistress is the chief administrator of a School of Magic. They make all major decisions regarding the safety and the day-to-day functioning of the school, and have the power to override any decision made by any other authoritative facilitator at the school, with the possible exception of the Board of Governors (and during a brief period in 1996, the "High Inquisitor"), in Hogwarts. A Headmaster also controls the protective spells surrounding the school and the ability for certain individuals to enter or exit the grounds at will. The four founders of Hogwarts (Helga Hufflepuff, Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, and Rowena Ravenclaw ) are not considered heads, despite leading the school during their time.

Hogwarts also has a Deputy Headmaster or Deputy Headmistress (depending on gender) that assists the headmaster in his duties. In the event of a headmaster's incapacitation, the deputy headmaster serves as temporary headmaster until the Board of Governors can elect a new, permanent one. There can also be more than one deputy headmaster.

Every Headmaster or Headmistress to have held the office is allowed to hang a portrait of themselves in the Headmasters Office after their death, allowing themselves to offer their knowledge to the current Headmaster or Headmistress at the time and offer them their advice in times of need.

Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry

Headmasters

Identified Headmasters of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry:

Portrait Headmaster
(term of office or period)
Notes
1st Headmaster First Headmaster of Hogwarts
Early 11th century
BrianGagwilde Brian Gagwilde
Heliotrope Wilkins Heliotrope Wilkins
PhyllidaSpore2 Phyllida Spore
c. 1408
Eoessa Edessa Sakndenberg
c. 1503
FytherleyUndercliffe Fytherley Undercliffe
c. 1531
AntoniaCreaseworthy2 Antonia Creaseworthy
c. 1624
Elizabeth Burke full Elizabeth Burke
Vulpus Vulpus
Everard 1 Everard
18th/19th century
VindictusViridian3 Vindictus Viridian
c. 1703
Amberose Amrose Swott
c. 1724
Dilys Derwent
1741-1768
Eupraxia Mole
1876
Professor Quentin Trimble Quentin Trimble
Limebert Limebert
Dexter Fortescue
Basil Fronsac Old Basil Fronsac
Walter Aragon Walter Aragon
MordicusEggOlder Mordicus Egg
Brutus Scrimgeour crop Brutus Scrimgeour
PhineasNBlack Phineas Nigellus Black
-1925
Dippet Portrait Armando Dippet
Sometime after 1925 to between 1965 and 1971
600full-Albus-Dumbledore-the-prisoner-of-azkaban-photo
Albus Dumbledore
Between 1965 and 1971 to 2024
Logan-lerman-scandal
Patrick Dunbar
2024-

Unidentified Headmasters

Unknown name and portrait:

  • Gimlet-eyed Hogwarts Headmistress
  • Headteacher of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry during 1792

Deputy Headmasters

Known Deputy Headmasters of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry:

Portrait Deputy Headmaster
(term of office)
Mcgonagall headshot Minerva McGonagall
after 1956-1 September, 2024
AlishaDaniels
Alisha Daniels
1 September, 2024-

Durmstrang Institute

Known Headmasters of Durmstrang Institute:

Portrait Headmaster
(term of office)
Nerida Vulchanova
pre-1290s
Harfang Munter
Unidentified Professor
1790s
IgorKarkaroff Igor Karkaroff
Unknown-1995

Beauxbatons Academy of Magic

Known Headmasters of Beauxbatons Academy of Magic:

Portrait Headmaster
(term of office)
Unidentified individual
1790s
Maxime Olympe Maxime

Castelobruxo

Known Headmasters of Castelobruxo:

Portrait Headmaster
(term of office)
Benedita Dourado
(c. 1940s/50s)

Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry

Known Headmasters of Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry:

Isolt Sayre Isolt Sayre
c. 1620s
JamesSteward James Steward
c. 1620s
Agilbert Fontaine

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